This commentary on the book of Romans is the product of historical-grammatical-theological exegesis of the text for sermon preparations over a three year period from 1999-2001. Therefore, this commentary does not contain references to the numerous resources employed during its preparation, to which this writer is deeply indebted.
Moreover, I do not pretend to have written a thorough study of this masterpiece by the apostle Paul, as though one could ever achieve such a work in one’s lifetime. That is not to say that there not are many comprehensive expositions available to the reader from many learned scholars.
I have interpreted this letter from an Arminian and Progressive Dispensational presupposition. My views on God’s sovereignty and foreknowledge do not align with Classic Theism or Open Theism; they tend to be more in line with Neotheism.
The reader should find that I have pursed the blending of the theological and practical in is this commentary, since ultimately all theology that is correctly interpreted is practical. I have not attempted to show my exegesis of the passages; however, I have included word studies from time to time.
In attempting to interpret the Apostle Paul’s intent, I have observed the following indicators:
1. The textual criticism methods are employed to determine the original text
2. The genre chosen to express the message
3. The historical settings and/or specific occasions that bring out the writing
4. The literary synthesis of the entire book determines each literary unit or pericope
5. The exegetical outlines of the literary units determined through paragraph analysis
6. The specific grammatical features employed to communicate the message
7. The words chosen to communicate the message
8. The parallel passages within the book
9. The theological teachings within other books by Paul
10. The theological significance of the statements quoted from the Old Testament
11. The Old Covenant and New Covenant relations to Israel and the Church
12. The Law and Grace in Paul’s theology
My chief center of attention in this commentary is a righteousness that comes from God through Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit in the believer.
Righteousness Imparted in the Law
Righteousness Imputed through Christ
Righteousness Ingrafted by God
Righteousness Impregnated in the Believer
If any of my insights from the Gospel of God, proclaimed by Paul in Romans, prove helpful in your understanding this Gospel, all praise and glory go to Yahweh God.
Robert P. Conway