The Date and Place Written
Nailing down the exact year of the Paul’s Letter to the Romans depends on the chronological dating of the death and resurrection of Christ, whether they occurred in A.D. 30 or A.D. 33.
The letter was written in Corinth during Paul’s three-month visit in Greece (Acts 20:2-3). This fact is made evident by reference to the apostle’s journey to Jerusalem with a collection for the poor at the time of writing (Romans 15:25-27). Since this collection was emphasized in the earlier letters to Corinth (1 Corinthians 16:1-4; 2 Corinthians 8:1-9:15), it is quite evident that these letters were written about the same time. It clearly appears from these considerations that Romans is later than 2 Corinthians because the apostle is about to leave for Jerusalem (Rom 15:25). The second Corinthian epistle was written from Macedonia, and from Macedonia Paul went to Greece. Numerous instances in the Corinthian epistles point to the fact that the epistle to the Romans was written from Corinth not long after Paul penned 2 Corinthians, that is, A.D. 56 (“Romans,” Unger’s Bible Dictionary).
Based on recent chronological dating, the letter would have been written in February-March A.D. 57/58 from the City of Corinth (cf. Romans 15:25-26; Acts 20:2-3). Viewed in the light of Acts and the Corinthian Letters, the content of Romans clearly indicates that the apostle Paul wrote Romans from Corinth on the third missionary journey in the early months of A.D. 57 or 58.
The Addressee of the Letter
Paul addresses the letter “To all in Rome who are loved by God and called saints” (1:7). Immediately, the apostle established that every Christian in Rome had an equal footing in Christ—the same status, that of a saint (agiov, a holy one).
The church in Rome was of considerable size and universally famous. In A.D. 64, the historian Tacitus speaks of the Christians in Rome as “an immense multitude.”
James addresses his letter to “the twelve tribes scattered among (Diaspora) the nations,” that is, his letter has special reference to the Jewish Christians in the early days, and to all believers throughout this present age, for that matter. Peter writes to “the strangers who are sojourners of the Dispersion,” that is, to the dispersed Jews who acknowledge Jesus as the Messiah.